Tag Archives: purandaradasa

Tribute to Rayaru

On the occasion of Raghavendra swamy’s birthday on 15th March, I had the opportunity of recording few songs on Rayaru for the Online Radio. Visitors can hear these songs on, at 9am, 6pm and 10pm (IST), till March 15th, 2016.

I have uploaded the same recording here too for the benefit of listeners.Hoping to upload many such recordings in future.

Sri GurubhyOnnamaha.

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Posted by on March 14, 2016 in Tribute to Rayaru


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ಪಿಳ್ಳಾರಿ ಗೀತೆಗಳು

1. ರಾಗ:ಮಲಹರಿ ತಾಳ: ರೂಪಕ
ಆ:   ಸ  ರಿ1 ಮ1 ಪ ದ1 ̇ಸ||
ಅವ:̇ಸ ದ1  ಪ  ಮ1  ಗ3 ರಿ1  ಸ ||
ಮಾಯಾಮಾಳವಗೌಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಜನ್ಯ,

ಮ  ಪ   |  ದ ̇ಸ ̇ಸ  ರಿ   || ರಿ̇̇  ̇ಸ     |  ದ  ಪ  ಮ  ಪ   ||
ಶ್ರೀ –    |  ಗ ಣ ನಾ ಥ  || ಸಿಂಧೂ   |  ರ   –  ವ   ರ್ಣ ||
ರಿ  ಮ   |  ಪ  ದ  ಮ  ಪ  ||  ದ  ಪ   |  ಮ  ಗ  ರಿ  ಸ   ||
ಕ  ರು    |  ಣ ಸಾ  ಗ  ರ  ||  ಕ ರಿ     |  ವ   ದ  ನ  .    ||
ಸ  ರಿ   |  ಮ  –  ಗ  ರಿ   ||  ಸ  ರಿ   |  ಗ  ರಿ  ಸ  –   ||
ಲಂ .   |  ಭೋ .  ದ ರ    ||  ಲ ಕು   |  ಮಿ ಕ  ರ .    ||
ರಿ  ಮ  |  ಪ  ದ  ಮ  ಪ   ||  ದ  ಪ   |  ಮ  ಗ  ರಿ  ಸ ||
ಅಂ.   |   ಬಾ.   ಸು   ತ   ||   ಅ  ಮ  |  ರ ವಿ ನು ತ  ||
ಸಿಧ್ಧ ಚಾರಣ ಗಣ ಸೇವಿತ
ಸಿಧ್ಧಿ ವಿನಾಯಕ ತೇ ನಮೋನಮೋ|| ಲಂಭೋದರ ||

ಸಕಲ ವಿದ್ಯಾ ಆದಿ ಪೂಜಿತ
ಸರ್ವೋತ್ತಮ ತೇ ನಮೋನಮೋ ||ಲಂಭೋದರ ||

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Posted by on February 26, 2016 in PiLLaari GeetegaLu


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Role of science in music

We have discussed enough of science in music in this blog. I am sure that if a child gets to know that so much of science is involved in the rhymes he sings, he is bound to ask a simple question that ‘Do I have to know all these science stuff, before singing’?

What do you think the answer to this question would be? Well, if your answer is ‘No’, then I do agree with you for music is Universal. Then you may ask me why all these science stuff in the blog?

Acquiring knowledge is free of cost these days, thanks to Google. Isn’t it interesting to correlate thus acquired knowledge to phenomena we see in nature? I call our ‘body’ as the biggest phenomena of nature and understanding it has several ways and means, be it through music,dance, yoga or science or whatever!!!

As far as music is concerned, Science in music plays the role of ‘Grammar in a Language’. A butler with his butler English, say, may be able to communicate with the customers better,   than an orator, with his sophisticated grammatically sound language. So the emphasis lies on communication rather than the grammar.

Language is mainly created to communicate the feelings, to express oneself and to develop a rapport with the other person, thereby exchanging ideas with one another. For this, what is required more than grammar is the involvement from within. Similar is the case of Music too. Music brings out the bhava meaning the feelings from within, thus connecting with the Cosmos/Universe/Existence, looping the listeners along with the singers too.

Great Saint Purandaradasaru has sung thus:

kELano hari taaLano…taaLa mELagaLiddu prEmavillada gaana..,

Meaning, God himself doesn’t stand a song which is grammatically sound with taaLa and other accompaniments but lacks the essence of love/bhaava/feelings in it…

You may want to listen to this song, tuned and sung by me:

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Posted by on February 21, 2016 in Role of Science in music


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5. ತಾಳ:ಖಂಡ ಜಾತಿ ಅಟ್ಟ    ; ಅಂಗಗಳು : | | 0 0 (5+5+2+2=14ಅಕ್ಷರಗಳು)

ಸರಿ-ಗ-| ಸ-ರಿ ಗ- | ಮ- ||ಮ-||

ರಿಗ-ಮ-| ರಿ-ಗ ಮ-| ಪ- ||ಪ-||

ಗಮ-ಪ -|ಗ-ಮ ಪ- | ದ- ||ದ-||

ಮಪ-ದ-| ಮ-ಪ ದ -| ನಿ -||ನಿ -||

ಪದ-ನಿ-| ಪ-ದ ನಿ- | ̇ಸ -||̇ಸ -||

 ̇ಸನಿ-ದ-|  ̇ಸ-ನಿ ದ- | ಪ – ||ಪ – ||

 ನಿದ-ಪ-| ನಿ-ದ ಪ- | ಮ -||ಮ -||

 ದಪ-ಮ-|ದ-ಪ ಮ -| ಗ – ||ಗ – ||

 ಪಮ-ಗ-| ಪ-ಮ ಗ- | ರಿ -||ರಿ -||

 ಮಗ-ರಿ-| ಮ-ಗ ರಿ- | ಸ – ||ಸ – ||

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Posted by on February 15, 2016 in Alankaras


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Mathematics and Chemistry in Music

It is not only Physics that is involved in Music, all forms of basic sciences like mathematics, chemistry, computers and Electronics are used in decoding various aspects of music.

Swarakalpana by a musician is nothing but pure mathematical calculation. Why go till swarkalpana, the sarlevarises sung in first second and third speeds involve mathematics in it, in the sense that single note fits in a single beat, in the first speed, 2 notes in a beat in the second speed and 4 of them in a beat in the third tempo. Thus the journey of basic mathematics has already begun. Rhythm is full of complex mathematics, the details of which can be a whole big article by itself. A mridangist plays mridangam with complex calculations of the beats to fit in a given frame of taaLa. Different taaLas have different numbers of notes to be fitted in which is a mere mathematical calculation.

The basic instrument, tambura involves mathematics, as the differences in shruti/frequency are nothing but a complex number chart.

Refer for detailed numbers.

Not only mathematics, chemistry also enters music in the manufacturing of instruments. Mridangam uses layers of mixture of iron oxide or manganese with cooked rice on its right side, for proper tuning requirements. Violin uses rosin(source:Wikipedia; Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch, is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components) to grip the strings and make them vibrate clearly. If one has the interest in studying the making of instruments, a lot of  examples can be quoted.
Needless to mention that today’s technology uses a lot of electronic devices and computers to create a new wave in the field of music, be it Carnatic or contemporary music.

Psychology and Music, I must say, are inseparable. Music plays a very important role in changing the moods and emotions of an individual, be it the singer or the listener. The title “Psychology and Music” is a chapter of discussion by itself, which I would like to discuss subsequently under a separate title as it is a topic of special interest to me.

Here are a few references which shed light on the mathematical aspects of music.

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Colours, Chakras and Saptaswaras

As a student of Physics, it has been a habit with me to associate everything to science, though the unseen is unexplained by Science. Here is another analogy of Science connecting colours to chakras to Saptaswaras.

colors n chakra

There can be nothing more complex in nature than our own body. Perhaps that is the reason we all look for how things work outside the body for they are much easier to understand than understanding how stuff works within our body. Well, the context of these statements is that I am completely puzzled as to how be sound waves and electromagnetic waves (Visible Light waves, here) mapped together in understanding the chakras (energy centers) of our body.

I am pretty much sure that sound resonates with different frequencies, around the chakras (energy centers) in our body when air enters through nostrils/mouth. Perhaps that is the reason we called sound as “Nada Brahmam”, to me it means connecting to Brahman or Cosmos through nada: sound. As mentioned earlier it is surprising to see that there are 7 chakras and 7 swaras in music, each one mapped on to a corresponding chakra. This is what is taught in chakra meditation.

Reference for chakra meditation:

It is not just the air that resonates within our body. There is something else too which passes through our body just like air. That is ‘light’. Light is also a wave for all we know. So there should be resonance of light too. Isn’t it?

But, isn’t it all the more surprising to see that there is a number tally between colours(7-VIBGYOR) and chakras(7) of the body. Simple mathematics tell me if A=B, B=C, then A=C. In this context, shouldn’t we map the sapta swaras (7 notes) to 7 colours of the visible light spectrum? In doing so aren’t we establishing a relationship between sound waves and electromagnetic waves in spite of their differences?

Let me also give the basic differences between light waves and sound waves. Though both are waves, carrying energy, having frequency, wavelength etc etc, one of the basic differences lies in their frequency range and so wavelength range enormously. Sound waves fall under audible frequency range (20-2000Hz) whereas Light waves have much higher frequency range of 4-8×10 to the power of 14 Hz, which is way away from the audible range. The frequency of colors VIBGYOR fall under the latter category.

Yet colours are associated with the saptaswaras, which to me, only means that there is something else happening within our body, which is connecting sound waves to light waves, which is beyond my understanding as yet.

I am in fact awaiting an interaction on the same from people out there 🙂


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Physics of Flute applied to Human body

The working of wind instruments is of special interest to me since I could draw an easy analogy between this and human body. This is a humble effort to put my understanding and analogy of the same.

Wind instruments like flute work on the principle of open air columns/open pipes. Explained generally in crude terms, when air is blown through one end of the flute, vibrations/waves set in, which travel the length of the flute body thus producing the sound of a particular frequency. The frequency of vibration or resonance is inversely dependent on the length of the resonating air column. So shorter the tube, higher is the frequency. This frequency is altered by stopping the air at different intervals, through holes on the flute body, thus basically controlling the length of the vibrating/resonating air column/flute body. You may have observed a flutist tapping/closing different holes to produce different notes. This is what I mean when I say stopping the air at different lengths. Vibrating air columns can be of different types, open, closed at one end, cylindrical, conical etc. etc., the basic principle of producing sound being the same.


image courtesy:

A similar analogy struck me when I was studying the above phenomenon. Isn’t our body also an air column, much more complicated though? I say this because, when we breathe, air inhaled from the nostrils is sent to move all over our body and thus it should become an air column. Then a series of questions/thoughts etc arose in my mind as if this is so, do we resonate with a particular frequency? If so what is the source of the resonant frequency? Do we have a mechanism to control/alter the frequency, as in flutes where holes control the length of the column of air? So on and so forth.

chkrs n notes


In quest of an explanation for the above thoughts, I came across the above picture. Then a striking resemblance to the working of flute made me arrive at the following results.

Most of us have heard about the chakras in the human body. As I understand it, these are nothing but the different energy centers in the human body. Everything that is seen in the Universe is nothing but Energy, in different forms. As per my understanding, the air we breathe comes from the cosmos and so we should be resonating with the corresponding frequency in the cosmos. I prefer comparing these chakras to the holes on a flute, which control the frequency of the vibration, thus producing different notes, because for me the number of chakras (7) and the number of notes {sa, ri, ga, ma, pa, dha, ni- saptaswaras(7 notes)} is not a mere coincidence. Different swaras are produced when the air is tapped by different chakras. The notes can be mapped on to the chakras as the following:

Swaras                      Chakras
Base Sa Base Chakra (Muladhara)
Ri    svadishtana chakra
Ga manipurak
Ma anahata
Pa vishuddha
Dha Agya
Ni Crown chakra

The frequency of the notes go on increasing from base sa to ni and we can see that the length of the vibrating air column, which is our body goes on decreasing from the muladhara chakra to crown chakra.

I hope you find this analogy interesting. Something to ponder on.


Note: Suggestions and interactions are welcome




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